Summarizing Comprehension Strategy
Marzano, Pickering, and Pollock (2001) consider summarizing to be one of the top two most useful academic skills. Through summarizing, students learn to focus upon what is important in a text. They must be able to delete trivial or redundant information, substitute subordinate information, and keep information that is essential. They must find a topic sentence or invent one from the text. When synthesizing information for a summary, students gain a deep understanding of the material being read. Thus, they satisfy a grand purpose of reading.
Although the end result of a summary is fairly simple, the process of arriving at the summary is not. Summarizing requires the student to analyze the information being summarized. I have provided two main methods of teaching summarizing. The first involves using frames designed by the teacher. The second is based on the rules of summarization. I believe that, when initially teaching summarizing, using the frames is beneficial. After students have developed some skill and understanding of what is required in summarizing, the rules work well to follow.
(Marzano, Pickering, & Pollock, 2001, p. 34-35)
When starting the rules method, it is wise to give the students a copy of the text in which they may write. After the text has been read, guide students through the following steps.
(Marzano, Pickering, & Pollock, 2001, p. 32)
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